Stephen Hawking

16/08/2021

Year 1939.: The beginning of the Second World War.  Year 1941.: Frank Hawking and Isobel Hawking were two people married who fled London to Oxford, Isobel was pregnant with one of the most intelligent people on the planet: Stephen Hawking. Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford on January 8, 1942 (January 8, 1642 - the physicist Galileo Galilei died) = Coincidence ?. Stephen's father was an expert and physician on tropical diseases. In 1943, Stephen received a sister (Mary) and another sister in 1946 (Philippa). In 1956, his family adopted a boy (Edward). In 1950, Stephen's family moved to St. Saint Albans. The Hawking family's vacation home was just a little horse-drawn cart. Like Einstein, as his classmates would call him in high school, Stephen was very quiet and played alone. No wonder that when he finally wanted to play board games or something, Stephen was bored and simply started creating his own games. You see, Stephen was very smart. The problem was that he could hardly read and could only read at the age of 8, when other children had known for a long time. Besides starting to create games and start reading, Stephen was still not happy and started to create a computer with some friends. Not much could be done about him. Just a few simple calculations, but it was something spectacular. Stephen later became a physicist, but at school he was bored with physics, he liked chemistry more. Stephen when he was alone or with friends and thought or thought, discussed, calculated, researched, was a genius, but when he was in class he was a mediocre student at the school in Saint Albans, maybe even below average. That's why his parents were upset because they no longer believed that Stephen could go to study at Oxford, as his father wanted or medicine. In the end, all the genius in him saved him. Stephen had an interview and some explanations at Oxford, so he was admitted directly, even though he was a little older. In schools like Oxford it was a compulsory sport. Stephen, who really didn't like sports, didn't want to row, for example. So he took the position of the one directing the others in the boat. Stephen managed to integrate among the students, but he was a student who worked hard, who did not learn more than 1-2 hours a day, ignoring lessons and meditations.

In his final year of study, Stephen began to stumble, to drop cups of coffee from his hand, to be unable to move at times. He fell down the stairs at one point, lost consciousness, but then regained consciousness. Stephen didn't tell his parents anything, he didn't put too much into it. He graduated from Oxford University without any problems, and at the age of 20, he went to Cambridge to pursue his doctorate and study cosmology. He studied cosmology with Professor Dennis Sciama. In 1963 he came home (on New Year's Eve) and met Jane Wild, who was to be his wife. After a while, Stephen told his parents about what was happening to him, they took him to the doctor. Then Stephen was diagnosed with ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis). The doctors said he had two more years to live. Stephen then stayed in his room and played classical music. After a while he decided to return to his studies at Cambridge, convinced by his teacher, Sciama. 

Stephen took the train to Cambridge where he saw Jane going to London. They both discussed the whole train. Jane had specialized in languages ​​and was to pursue a doctorate in medieval Spanish poetry. After Stephen received a research fellowship and became a researcher, he proposed to Jane in October 1964. And in July 1965 the wedding took place. In 1966, more precisely in March, he received his doctorate. and also received the Adams Prize. Jane hadn't done her doctorate yet, so she was still working for him. In 1967 the son of the two was born: Robert, and in 1970: Lucy (their daughter).  

After a while, Stephen began to be unable to hold things in his hand, to walk hard, he no longer had strength in his arms. He writes hard, takes many breaks. In 1969 and until 2018 at his death, Stephen sat in a wheelchair. 1970. One of the biggest ideas is born in one evening. Stephen argued for the first time that a black hole is not black and is not a hole. Four years later an even bigger idea comes to him: Positive energy can escape the horizon of events from a black hole. Until then, negative energy was the only known one that can pass through a black hole and shrink it. Stephen then began teaching at the California Institute of Technology, returning to Cambridge after a year of research. In 1977 he received the title of "Teacher". In 1979, he became a Lucassian professor of mathematics at Cambridge (the first Lucassian professor was Sir Issac Newton). In 1979, Timothy was born, a third child of the couple. His last writing, more precisely a signature, was in 1979, when he signed an agreement to fulfill his duties as a Lucasian professor of mathematics at Cambridge. In 1985, Stephen managed to finish his first book. Of course, for Stephen the hardest equation in the world is equal to something normal for people to understand, yes, that happened, the book was far too scientific and was sent back to Stephen. Unfortunately, Stephen was at a conference in Switzerland. But the smallest problem was, the big problem was that Stephen had pneumonia during the conference and was transported by ambulance to the hospital and then to Cambridge. It was awful for the Hawking family, Stephen couldn't speak alone anymore, worse, he was just breathing through a tube in his throat. but for his mind and activity, the National Health Insurance House incurred all the costs of Stephen's treatments. A computer expert from the United States, California, sent him the Equalizer program, through which he could install it on his or her computer from anywhere and emphasize some words that the program thought would be useful in the sentence. , a little more complicated. 

Finally after many years, more precisely in 1988, his book was published all over the world. It was called "A Short History of Time." He came first in all the books, Stephen knew very well how to write it! Stephen liked pictures with other famous people, so at the office and at home, Stephen had many pictures, such as: Barack Obama and Michelle Obama, Elizabeth II. Pope John Paul II. Pope Benedict XV and Pope Francis. Although Stephen initially focused on the family, he has not done so since 1990, focusing on science, and in 1995, he divorced Jane and married Elaine Mason until 2006, when he divorced and remained. alone until 2018, when he died. After his book, a film was made, and then you asked me in many movies and TV shows. And even in "The Simson Family" in the 1999 episode: "They Saved Lisa's Brain," like the other characters, Stephen was animated. In 2008, Stephen could no longer water buttons or anything, it was simply impossible. The only thing left for him to give orders to the program and "talk" was a muscle from his right cheek, the rest of the muscles were dysfunctional, that's how he lived for 10 years. Some scientists then tried to get Stephen to speak first BMI, a brain-machine program that could transmit some words from the brain to speech, but it was expected that it would not work. In 2007 Stephen was taken to a zero-gravity room at NASA, where he floated, descended, rose and, with the help of NASA experts, twisted, just as in space, Stephen was trying to smile. like. Stephen has not completely lost his relationship with his old family. In 2007, Stephen and his daughter Lucy wrote a children's book: "George and the Secret Key to the Universe," which he then continued with 4 volumes. In 2009, Stephen received the Obama Presidential Medal of Freedom for his research and contributions, the highest distinction that can be given to civilians in the United States. Stephen also attended a speech at the London Paralympic Games in 2012 where he told participants that: "We are all different. There is no common standard or human being, but we all have the same human spirit that "No matter how hard life may seem, you can always do something to overcome obstacles and succeed." Then in 2014 the film was made: "The theory of the whole". (Stephen and Jane's love story). In March 14, 2018, exactly 139 years after Albert Einstein was born, Stephen died in his sleep at his home in Cambridge. Doctors said he would live to be 23 years old. Stephen contradicted them and lived to be 76 years old. For the last years of his life, Stephen worked as a research director at the Center for Theoretical Cosmology in Cambridge. Now, maybe Stephen is there among the stars.


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