Moon Europa of Jupiter: The next destination of humanity. Why?
Article by: Andacs Robert Eugen, on 16 April 2022, at 09:00 am Los Angeles time
Europa, Jupiter's Moon, maybe the next destination for mankind (probably after Mars).
Europa is one of NASA's special candidates for the search for life, but also for finding an environment where humanity can live.
Researchers have recently discovered an underground ocean, and evidence gathered over the years shows that it is hot, salty, and most importantly rich in life-sustaining chemicals.
The researchers also said that Europa attracts underground oxygen. There, it could feed life forms.
Unfortunately, Europa cannot sustain life on the outside (so far), on its surface, only on the inside (if it can).
Maybe if we thaw that thick layer of ice that separates the ocean from the surface, Europa can sustain life on its surface, but this has not been scientifically proven to be useful, especially since Europa will freeze again, as it is now, and besides, it is almost impossible to melt that ice.
We will probably find an idea of how Europa can sustain life.
And then how can we extract oxygen from its underground, to the surface.
There are many questions, and for these, NASA will launch the Europa Clipper mission.
This will be the role of researching Europa and answering the essential questions we have about the oxygen and water that are there.
Europa is a frozen moon, but why isn't its ocean frozen?
Life needs energy, and the energy source of the planet is given by the tides caused by Jupiter, which heat its interior and prevent the ocean from freezing.
If Europa has oxygen and water beneath its surface, then there are probably life forms that have adapted to total life underwater. Like our fish.
They live underwater all the time, and if Europa has oxygen there, well, we can expect life forms. No one has seen the entire interior of the moon, so we have to wait until a mission is sent to explore the interior of the moon. Something very difficult, due to the thick layer of ice, but not impossible.
Researchers say that oxygen may have been found on the surface of Europa, but in fairly small quantities and we cannot expect that oxygen to be able to support life.
Europa is likely to be a destination for humanity, but at least not in the near future.