News! NASA: Next year we will launch a new telescope that will study exoplanets. Here is all to know about the new telescope.

05/01/2022
Credit: Tuthill et al., doi: 10.1117/12.2313269.
Credit: Tuthill et al., doi: 10.1117/12.2313269.

News! NASA has claimed that the launch of a powerful telescope that will study exoplants (planets outside the Solar System) is scheduled for next year. The exact date on which the telescope will be launched has not been set, but it is known exactly that it will be in 2023 according to a recent NASA announcement. This telescope is the latest telescope to be launched, after the launch of the James Webb Telescope two weeks ago. The telescope will be called TOLIMAN, short for Telescope for Orbit Locus Interferometric Monitoring of our Astronomical Neighborhood. 

However, even though it is expected to be very efficient and able to study exoplanets, NASA had a more limited budget for its creation. And of course, NASA is the space agency that builds the telescope, but also the one that will create and operate the entire mission. The US space agency has said that this telescope is dedicated to the astrometric detection of exoplanets in the near-solar environment, but especially wants to study the Alpha Centauri system in detail through this mission. The TOLIMAN mission will research and study the stars at 10 PCs of the Sun. 

This is a first study and is the first mission dedicated exclusively to the detailed study of exoplanets and the Alpha Centauri system. TOLIMAN will also try to answer big questions through his findings, questions to which scientists do not have a logical and concrete answer at the moment. For the first time, this mission will use the latest version of high-precision astrometric monitoring technology that will greatly help its researchers send them to Earth for analysis. In addition to NASA, it has received funding from the Breakthrough Prize Foundation and the University of Sydney even though these does not operate the mission.

The study of exoplanets for this mission is not only the study of its structure or magnetic fields. They sound like that, but the telescope is also equipped with a technology that will try to find a habitat on an exoplanet. NASA does not rule out the use of the TOLIMAN mission to discover a possible habitat on an exoplanet somewhere in our Milky Way galaxy. Accordingly, NASA will equip the telescope with such equipment to find a habitat on an exoplanet.

NASA did not provide much general information about the telescope, nor its budget or technical information about the telescope. But there are some explanations from some scientists. "TOLIMAN is a mission that Australia should be very proud of - it is an exciting, bleeding-edge space telescope supplied by an exceptional international collaboration. It will be a joy to fly this bird, "said Dr. Jason Held, CEO of Saber Astronautics. "Even for the very nearest bright stars in the night sky, finding planets is a huge technological challenge," said TOLIMAN team member Dr. Eduardo Bendek, a researcher at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 

"Our TOLIMAN mission will launch a custom-designed space telescope that makes extremely fine measurements of the star's position in the sky. If there is a planet orbiting the star, it will tug on the star betraying a tiny, but measurable, wobble. " .  

"These nearby planets are where humanity will take our first steps into interstellar space using high-speed, futuristic, robotic probes," said Pete Klupar, chief engineer of Breakthrough Watch. "If we consider the nearest few dozen stars, we expect a handful of rocky planets like Earth orbiting at the right distance for liquid surface water to be possible."

We wish NASA success and even Australia for its small but very important contribution to this project.

Article by: Andacs Robert Eugen, on 05 January 2022, at 08:18 pm Los Angeles time

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