The first samples from Bepicolombo

19/11/2021
Credit: ESA/ATG medialab
Credit: ESA/ATG medialab

News! The first samples from Bepicolombo, which he took, were from Mercury. Bepi Colombo made his first flyby between October 1-2, 2021, when he approached only 199 km. of the planet. The data from then and those that came were taken by ESA and NASA for analysis, and now we know all the data collected by Bepi Colombo since he arrived near Mercury until November 18, 2021. As you can see below, it is a video that shows how the solar winds were heard during this period near the planet Mercury. You can also hear the spacecraft expand, due to the very high temperature and a scientific instrument. These sounds are heard when Bepi Colombo gets very close to Mercury. The data in the video below, however, are only those from October 1-2, 2021.

Credit video: ESA

The PHEBUS ultraviolet spectrometer was the one that captured the sounds for an hour, focusing more on the planet's atmosphere and exosphere. ESA also noted that the farther Bepi is from Mercury, the more hydrogen and calcium there is, "peak levels" as they called them. They were found somewhere in the exosphere, towards the edge. PHEBUS, the ESA spectrometer, captured only these two elements in the exosphere, but it will analyze Mercury's exosphere throughout the mission. 

It also has the mission to see the composition of the surface of Mercury and to collect many other scientific data. Some data with sounds received by ESA, from Bepi Colombo, capture the moment when the probe crossed the region of "extremely" turbulent border between the solar wind and the magnetosphere around Mercury. Bepi Colombo is trying to study with the scientific instruments he has at his disposal, the planet Mercury, its magnetic field, and the solar winds. Its mission will last for years, but only in 2025 will it reach Mercury's orbit and stay there. By 2025, it will fly over the Earth, two over Venus and six over Mercury, so that in 2025 it can study as much of Mercury as possible. 

The mission will end somewhere in 2028-2029. In addition to ESA, JAXA (the Japanese space agency) is participating in this mission with JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (known as Mio), which will try to analyze Mercury's magnetic field in as much detail as possible. 

We wish success to both space agencies, as well as to those who work on these experiments and missions! 

Article by: Andacs Robert Eugen, on 19 November 2021, at 10:34 am Los Angeles time

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