The impossible has become possible! A NASA spacecraft entered the Sun's Corona for the first time

Credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center/Mary P. Hrybyk-Keith
Credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center/Mary P. Hrybyk-Keith

News! After many doubts about whether or not NASA can enter the Sun's atmosphere, it is now clear that NASA has done the impossible. One of NASA's ships recently entered the Sun's crown. Where the ship entered is 2 million degrees Fahrenheit. Center for Astrophysics Harvard & Smithsonian (CfA), a lot of scientists, researchers and engineers have worked to make this moment in human history. How did scientists know it had passed the Sun's crown? Thanks to modern technology, it has a tool on it: the Solar Probe Cup, which helps it collect particles from the Sun's atmosphere, so scientists often realized immediately that it had entered the Sun's corona. 

The Corona of the Sun being the outermost layer of the Sun's atmosphere. "The purpose of this whole mission is to find out how the sun works," said Michael Stevens, a CfA astrophysicist who helps monitor the cup. "We can do this by flying in the solar atmosphere. The only way to do this is for the spacecraft to cross the outer boundary, which scientists call the Alfvén point. So a key part of this mission is to be able to measure whether or not we have reached that critical point. " he said. "We know that the energy comes from the agitated magnetic fields that bubble through the surface of the sun, but we do not know how the atmosphere of the sun absorbs this energy." continue Stevens. But the ship did not enter the Sun's crown now, it took until the information was transmitted. 

The ship entered the Sun's corona on April 28, 2021, according to the data in the instrument it has. Besides, that came in 3 times, and once it stayed over 5 hours. On April 28, it was the 8th flyby the ship made around the Sun. "If you look at close-up pictures of the sun, sometimes you'll see these bright loops or hairs that seem to break free from the sun but then reconnect with it," Stevens said. "That's the region we've flown into - an area where the plasma, atmosphere and wind are magnetically stuck and interacting with the sun."

According to NASA and its engineers, the ship was made of very strong metals, such as tungsten, niobium, molybdenum and sapphire, which withstand the heat of the sun for a long time. However, the 5 hours that the ship spent in the Sun's Crown, including humiliated the engineers and scientists. And the mission doesn't stop there. We have to move on, not sit back and see that something went well. The ship that entered the Sun's crown will probably search for the closest star to Earth. Scientists have often said that the closest star to us (after the Sun) has many mysteries, and this ship is the one that can explain them.

By entering the Sun's corona, it is somewhere 4.3 to 8.6 million miles away from the Sun's surface (so significant is the Sun's corona). And the scientists expect that Parker was far somewhere between 8.1 million miles and 8 million miles from the surface. But scientists have higher expectations of the ship and so it should. They claim that it could enter the Sun's atmosphere at a distance of approx. 3.83 million miles or 6.16 million km of its surface. Parker, the ship that entered the Sun's corona, gathered a lot of information, some of which may have already reached scientists, and it also helped us better understand some of the Sun's phenomena, such as solar winds. 

"The plasma around the sun can act as a laboratory that teaches us about processes taking place in almost every astronomical object across the entire universe," Case said.

The next flight that Parker should make after this is somewhere around the end of February, the beginning of March 2022. 

We wish to NASA and all those who helped make this wonderful thing happen! 

Article by: Andacs Robert Eugen, on 15 December 2021, at 11:55 am Los Angeles time

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